Zika virus in pregnancy: Know about symptoms, causes, prevention, treatment

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Ever since Kerala reported its first case of Zika virus in a pregnant girl on July 8, a state-wide alert has been issued, and specialists have been requested to observe instances. The Zika virus an infection can strike as a result of Zika virus (ZIKV), which is a mosquito-borne human flavivirus. It could be transmitted through primarily Aedes mosquitoes, which chew throughout early mornings and even late evenings.

Causes

Zika virus, in contrast to dengue and chikungunya, can also be transmitted by means of bodily fluids like blood, and semen, and even organ transplant. “It is also known that vertical transfer from the mother to the baby can happen in pregnancy,” stated Dr Aruna Muralidhar, senior advisor obstetrician and gynaecologist, Fortis La Femme Hospital, Richmond Road, Bengaluru.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), it was first recognized in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. It was later recognized in people in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania.

Symptoms

The incubation interval, which is the time between the publicity to the virus and signs, could be seen inside 3-14 days, as per WHO. Some individuals contaminated with the virus could present no signs, whereas others could develop signs resembling fever, gentle rash or physique aches. In excessive instances, one may also present persistent headache and eye an infection for 2-7 days, talked about Dr Manjeeta Nath Das, senior advisor, inside drugs, Columbia Asia Hospital, Palam Vihar Gurugram.

“About 80 per cent are asymptomatic. The symptoms are usually mild in the ones who are symptomatic and last for about 2 to 7 days and resolve,” famous Dr Aruna.

What are the dangers in being pregnant?

According to specialists, if the an infection happens in being pregnant, there’s a threat of miscarriage and sure congenital malformations. The mostly famous foetal defect is microcephaly or a small head, acknowledged Dr Aruna. “A combination of microcephaly and certain neurological problems is called congenital Zika syndrome. However, this does not affect every foetus born to a Zika positive mother. It is reported in about 10 per cent cases especially if the Zika infection occurs in the first trimester,” she talked about.

According to WHO, an elevated threat of neurologic issues is related to Zika virus an infection in adults and kids, together with Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy and myelitis.

Here’s what pregnant ladies must know about Zika virus prevention. (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

The WHO additionally states that congenital Zika syndrome consists of different malformations together with limb contractures, excessive muscle tone, eye abnormalities, and listening to loss. The threat of congenital malformations following an infection in being pregnant stays unknown; an estimated 5–15 per cent of infants born to ladies contaminated with Zika virus throughout being pregnant have proof of Zika-related issues. Congenital malformations happen following each symptomatic and asymptomatic an infection.

However, as per WHO, “Research is ongoing to investigate the effects of Zika virus infection on pregnancy outcomes”, and results of an infection on different neurological issues in kids and adults.

Treatment

There isn’t any vaccine for Zika virus an infection. The treatment is normally symptomatic with paracetamol, hydration and relaxation. Also, avoiding aspirin or any NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine or drugs that relieve ache) through the an infection is advisable.

According to WHO, pregnant ladies residing in areas with Zika transmission or who develop signs of Zika virus an infection ought to search medical consideration for laboratory testing and different medical care.

Prevention

Dr Aruna recommended steps to be taken through the Zika outbreak or in any other case to stop an infection

*Mosquito repellants that are protected
*All anti-mosquito measures in and round the home together with full clothes
*Using barrier contraception if the companion is Zika contaminated or uncovered to Zika.
*Avoiding journey to Zika-affected areas.

You may also use mosquito nets and door screens to maintain mosquitoes out of the home. Ensure that there aren’t any objects and supplies round your private home that might develop into a breeding floor for Aedes mosquitoes through the wet season, stated Dr Rajesh Kumar, inside drugs, Paras Hospitals Gurugram.

Dr Surabhi Siddhartha, advisor obstetrician and gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital Kharghar additionally talked about some easy measures to take.

“To prevent it, just don’t allow water to stagnate near the house and prevent mosquito breeding, do fogging from time to time, wear full-sleeved clothes and use mosquito repellents. Like any other viral infection, treatment is symptomatic. So, prevention is better than cure in this infection,” Dr Surabhi stated.

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