World Tuberculosis Day 2021: This TB type can cause infertility in both men and women

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New Delhi: Genital Tuberculosis (TB) attributable to mycobacterium tuberculosis micro organism is a posh power an infection that can present itself both as latent and lively. This micro organism is transported by the blood to different organs. Genital Tuberculosis can cause infertility in both men and women.

In women, Genital TB can have an effect on the fallopian tubes and uterus, its endometrium lining and cause adhesion of the uterine wall, often called Asherman’s syndrome. In men, it can cause the lack to ejaculate, low sperm motility and the lack of the pituitary gland to provide enough hormones.

“According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), half of the women in India looking for IVF process have been reported to have genital TB and the prevalence has elevated by greater than 10 % between 2011 and 2015. This may be very alarming statistics as India a few quarter of the worldwide TB burden and genital TB can be a silent an infection,” says Dr Gauri Agarwal, Founder Director, Seeds of Innocence.

Lack of consciousness about Genital TB

There is a dearth of consciousness towards this severe but preventable illness. “Lack of awareness about the disease and missing symptoms are key hindrances to control this health condition,” says Dr Agarwal.

She additionally identified signs to maintain a watch at. “Women must watch out for symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycle, swelling in the genital area, vaginal discharge with blood, bleeding or pain after intercourse that may indicate an infection.”

“Genital Tuberculosis can be asymptomatic or may present atypical symptoms or even mimic other clinical conditions that make the situation even more challenging. Therefore, it is necessary that we consider the possibility of TB in patients who have symptoms of infertility, chronic pelvic pain and menstrual dysfunction. This is very important for those women who fall unto the high-risk category for TB infection, ” says Dr Amita Shah, Medical Director and Head of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Miracles Mediclinic and Apollo Cradle Hospital, Gurugram.

Preventive measures for Genital TB

Genital Tuberculosis is treatable in its early phases. However, a delay in prognosis and remedy can harm fallopian tubes in women and cause azoospermia (full absence of sperm in semen) in men.
Adopting protected sexual practices and getting a Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine can assist stop genital tuberculosis.

“It is necessary that we consider the possibility of TB in patients who have symptoms of infertility, chronic pelvic pain and menstrual dysfunction. This is very important for those women who fall unto the high-risk category for TB infection,” says Dr Shah.

“Adopting protected sexual practices and getting a Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine can assist stop buying an an infection in both men and women. Besides, one should guarantee well-ventilated rooms, pure gentle, and good hygiene practices to stop an infection,” provides Dr Agarwal.

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