Period pain: Gynecologist explains the causes and ways to manage it


Physical well being and private hygiene play an equal function when it comes to ladies’s well being. But, additional hygiene care wants to be taken throughout menstruation. While many ladies don’t expertise discomfort, for a lot of others menstruation might be painful. It have to be famous that menstruation is totally different for each lady.

Dr Aruna Kalra, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, CK Birla Hospital, Gurgaon says that interval ache could be a results of numerous issues. Below, she shares some causes and additionally ideas to manage the similar.

“Period pain develops majorly due to muscle contractions in the uterus,” explains the gynecologist. It might be triggered by:

Uterine fibroids

“Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the wall of the uterus. These might be undetectable by the human eye or can also become bulky masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus,” says Dr Kalra. 


This is a situation the place the lining of the uterus begins to develop outdoors, often on the fallopian tubes or ovaries. As a consequence, the tissues thicken and when the lining breaks down, it causes ache.

Cervical stenosis

When the cervix is simply too small, it blocks the passage between the uterus and the vaginal canal. This obstructs the menstrual circulate and therefore, causes ache.

Pelvic inflammatory illness

“PID is an infection of the female genital system. It is sexually transmitted and can spread from the vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries,” explains Dr Kalra


In this situation, the inside lining of the uterus grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. This ends in bloating together with extreme cramps and heavy bleeding.

How to manage interval ache

Using a heating pad helps compress the pelvic area and back, thus, helping in relaxing the uterine muscles. Proper hydration also helps in making the cycle less painful,” she says.

“Light activity such as walking has been shown to reduce the intensity of period pains in some women. Yoga also has several poses which are designed to relax the uterine muscles and reduce period pain,” says Dr Kalra. 

Make positive you scale back the consumption of salt, alcohol, caffeine, and sugar to forestall bloating throughout that point. 

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