Nipah virus: Know its symptoms, treatment options and preventive measures

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As the nation continues to wrestle with the Covid an infection, particularly with the specter of the Delta Plus variant, there’s a new concern for consultants. According to information experiences, scientists from the Pune-based National Institute of Virology (NIV) have discovered Nipah virus antibodies in two species of bats in Maharashtra. This is a primary, and has, subsequently, led to a scare.

Nipah virus (NiV) is claimed to be on the top-10 precedence listing of pathogens recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Indianexpress.com had not too long ago reported that until date, India has had 4 episodes of NiV outbreaks. The first proof of NiV an infection was reported in Siliguri district, West Bengal in 2001, adopted by Nadia district in West Bengal in 2007. The presence of NiV antibodies had been detected in Mynaguri and Dubri district of Assam and Cooch Behar of West Bengal. A 3rd outbreak occurred in Kozhikode district of Kerala state in 2018 with 18 case fatalities, adopted by one other outbreak in the identical state in 2019.

This time, the prevalence of NiV in bats has been picked up in some species from a collapse Mahabaleshwar, a well-liked hill station in Satara district, Maharashtra.

To perceive extra about this virus and the way it impacts human beings, we reached out to a health care provider.

According to Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, HOD and senior guide, pulmonology at Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad, NiV is a selected kind of virus which spreads by means of bats. “India has handled it very nicely in the past. Its symptoms are like any other respiratory viral illnesses, which include nausea, vomiting, cough, cold, with breathing difficulty, along with severe dehydration,” he says.

In phrases of treatment, the physician says whereas there is no such thing as a particular treatment out there, “keeping adequate hydration” is necessary. “Only supportive care is available, like we need to keep [the patient] hydrated, and support with oxygen therapy. We need to give antacids and medicines that reduce vomiting.”

Dr Jha cautions that the virus is harmful for people. “It has a significantly high mortality rate.”

In phrases of preventive measures, he advises you to observe every part that you’d for different viral infections, together with frequent washing of palms, avoiding going to an space which is infested by bats. “We also need to avoid eating those fruits [which are found in those trees] where bats are found. Besides bats, pigs are the common reservoir [for the virus].”

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