Liver cirrhosis: Causes to symptoms, all you need to know

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By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi |

Published: August 17, 2020 6:20:08 pm





Common causative elements of liver cirrhosis are alcohol and hepatitis viral an infection. (Source: File photograph)

Director-actor Nishikant Kamat handed away on August 17, after battling liver cirrhosis. “Nishikant Kamat (50 years, male) was admitted to AIG Hospitals on 31st July 2020 with complaints of fever and excessive fatigue. It was diagnosed that he was suffering from liver cirrhosis for the past two years,” learn the official assertion from the hospital.

What is liver cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis could be outlined as continual liver injury that’s an finish results of quite a lot of liver illnesses characterised by “fibrosis and architectural distortion of the liver with the formation of regenerative nodules”, in accordance to the World Gastroenterology Organisation web site. Some of the widespread causative elements embrace alcohol, NASH (Non-alcoholic Steato-Hepatitis) and viral hepatitis.

The estimated worldwide mortality from cirrhosis throughout 2001 was about 771,000 individuals, mentions World Gastroenterology Organisation, including that such growing deaths from the illness would probably make it the 12th main reason for loss of life in 2020.

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Causes of cirrhosis

In India, the widespread causes are alcohol-induced liver injury (extreme alcohol consumption over a time frame leads to cirrhosis), and hepatitis B and C viral infections, Dr Neerav Goyal, head, liver transplant, hepatobiliary and pancreatic unit, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, informed indianexpress.com. “Both these infections over 10-15 years may cause cirrhosis. Fat-induced liver damage is the new epidemic because of changing lifestyle and obesity, and is gradually becoming the primary cause of cirrhosis in the country. Apart from this, one may have blood vessel issues where they may be blocked,” he defined.

About 25-30 per cent of the instances of cirrhosis could be due to alcohol. Similar could be the case for hepatitis B. But NASH or non-alcoholic fatty-liver induced cirrhosis is growing — earlier it was lower than 20 per cent, added the physician.

Read| Acute liver failure: All you need to know

Symptoms of liver cirrhosis

The commonest symptom is fatigue, the physician stated. “These patients also have very low protein levels so there could be swelling in the legs or body, or fluid accumulation in the abdomen leading to swelling. They may sometimes vomit blood or have black stool. Some may develop high jaundice, which is yellowing of eyes and dark yellow urine.”

Treatment of liver cirrhosis

Cirrhosis could be handled if identified early, suggested Dr Goyal. Both hepatitis B and C could be managed or cured with treatment. Abstinence from alcohol may also enhance liver illness to some extent. Liver injury could be life-threatening and will require a transplant.

He additional stated, “For majority of the people diagnosed with cirrhosis — about 75-80 per cent — the disease can be stopped from progressing further with proper treatment. But there will be about 15-20 per cent of people who come in at an advanced stage or their health might continue to deteriorate despite treatment. For these people, the treatment then involves a liver transplant.” But even that’s difficult in our nation. “In India, there are more than two lakh patients awaiting a liver transplant every year and only about 1200-1500 get it across the country. The organ donation rate in the country stands at 0.26 per million population, while even smaller countries like Croatia have an organ donation rate of 35-36 per million population,” Dr Goyal identified.

How to hold your liver wholesome

Here are some ideas to remember, in accordance to Dr Goyal:

* Have a nutritious diet that’s low in fat. Have quite a lot of leafy greens, inexperienced salads, lemon and orange juice. The food plan must be wealthy in vitamin C and antioxidants.

* Exercise each day. Walking for 4-5 km a day must be ok to hold you wholesome.

* Avoid alcohol and smoking.

* If you produce other well being situations like diabetes, be sure to hold blood sugar ranges underneath management. Be in common contact together with your physician.

* Those who’ve developed hepatitis B or C must be on therapy; that tends to treatment the illness in 95 per cent of the sufferers. They ought to observe up with their physician frequently.

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