Leptospirosis: Know the causes, symptoms, and precautions to take for this monsoon disease

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Following heavy rainfall in Mumbai, Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) issued an advisory warning about leptospirosis, a bacterial disease.

Last 12 months in July, BMC reported 14 leptospirosis instances. In 2019, it recorded 74 leptospirosis instances in the identical month.

According to Dr Mugdha Tapdiya, senior guide, Fortis Flt Lt Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, this disease normally impacts animals and can unfold to human beings if they’re travelling by way of waterlogged areas. “Bacteria called leptospira which present in the excreta and urine of animals can infect human beings if they are exposed to it – they can be exposed if they are wading through contaminated water, if there is a cut in the skin which has been exposed to the bacteria.”

Symptoms and therapy

The frequent signs of leptospirosis embrace fever, rash, physique ache, and vomiting. This might be handled with antibiotics.

However, if leptospirosis is left untreated, it could actually trigger kidney injury and even show to be deadly, Dr Tapdiya warned. “Long-term fever and kidney damage and can be treated easily with antibiotics – but fatal if not treated,” she added.

Precautions

To forestall contracting this disease, listed here are some precautions the physician recommends:

*Avoid strolling by way of stagnant water
*Wear closed footwear
*Dress all of your wounds and cuts
*If you could have walked by way of stagnant water, wash your arms and legs with cleaning soap and water.

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