Covid-19: Here’s everything you need to know about ‘cytomegalovirus’

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Every day, we’re studying about newer dangers related to the coronavirus. As such, it turns into vital that we train warning when stepping out and comply with all Covid security protocols mandated by the federal government.

Among the numerous threats related to the an infection, it has now been learnt that cytomegalovirus (CMV) is steadily on the rise. In reality, some hospitals are already believed to have reported circumstances of rectal bleeding and belly ache in sufferers round 20-30 days after detection of Covid-19. The cause is the suppression of immunity due to the Covid an infection, and extreme use of steroids that provides CMV an opportunity to assault sufferers.

Dr Kirti Sabnis, Infectious Disease Specialist at Fortis Hospitals, Mulund and Kalyan, explains that CMV, or Human Herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5) is among the “most common persistent infections”.

“CMV happens as a pure an infection in childhood and stays asymptomatic in sufferers with regular immunity. Once contaminated, your physique retains the virus for all times. Most individuals don’t know they’ve CMV as a result of it hardly ever causes issues. It normally impacts those that are immuno-compromised, like affected by most cancers, AIDS, or those that have just lately had transplants.

“A person can catch CVM infection through contact with an infected person’s saliva, blood, urine, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk,” she says.

The Covid connection

According to the physician, the Covid an infection itself — and the medicines used for its remedy (steroids) — suppresses the immunity of sufferers and makes them prone to unusual infections.

“All patients presented with low lymphocyte count (6 per cent to 10 per cent as against a normal of 20 per cent to 40 per cent) indicating Covid-induced suppression of immunity can be predisposed to symptomatic reactivation of CMV infection.”

The signs

While most individuals with acquired CMV haven’t any noticeable signs, in the event that they happen, they could embrace:

– Fever
– Night sweats
– Swollen glands
– Joint and muscle ache
– Low urge for food and weight reduction

Dr Sabnis additionally says the signs typically go away after two weeks. “Symptoms of recurring CMV, nonetheless, range relying on which organs the virus has affected. Areas doubtless to be affected are the eyes, lungs, or digestive system.

Typical options might embrace:

* Fever
* Diarrhea, gastrointestinal ulcerations, and gastrointestinal bleeding
* Shortness of breath
* Pneumonia with hypoxemia, or low blood oxygen
* Mouth ulcers that may be massive
* Problems with imaginative and prescient, together with floaters, blind spots, and blurred imaginative and prescient
* Hepatitis, or infected liver, with extended fever
* Encephalitis, or irritation of the mind, main to behavioural modifications, seizures, and even coma

Dr Sabnis cautions that an individual “with a weakened immune system, who experiences any of these symptoms, should seek urgent medical attention”. People who’ve battled extreme Covid needs to be cautious.

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